SOME HISTORIANS CALLED THIS REGION THE TALAMANCA REBEL, DUE TO THE TREMENDOUS DIFFICULTIES THAT CONNECTED THE CONQUERORS TO SUBMIT THE INDIGENOUS TRIBES. FOR LONG YEARS MANY EXPEDITIONS CAME INTO THE TERRITORY INHÓSPITO WITHOUT FULLY ACQUIRING THE OBJECTIVE OF CONQUEST. HOWEVER, TODAY ARE A FEW THOUSANDS OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLE WHO SURVIVE.
Several dialects coexisted in the area: but according to seventeenth-century documents (1617), the most heard was the Huetar language, which shows the kinship of the Talamancan tribes with the inhabitants of the interior of the country. The Bribri, the language that predominates today, is very similar to the language spoken by the Indians of Tucurrique, descendants of huetares.